Resume 101


I currently hold several jobs but I didn’t get these jobs by simply being me. While my skills, experiences, and network definitely helped me bag my past and current jobs, I had to impress my employers with my resume for them to at least consider hiring me.

A resume or curriculum vitae (CV) is a document that summarizes a job seeker’s educational background, credentials, skills, and experiences. A resumed is presented or submitted to a potential employer or client. In some cases, I give my resume to potential business associates or to groups who would like to avail of my services as a facilitator or consultant. A good resume can give a job seeker a chance to be interviewed or hired, be invited for an event or to an organization, or be considered for a career opportunity.

Most colleges and universities give seminars and workshops on resume writing. Some schooles even incorporate it into their curriculum. There are some job seekers, however, who get stuck in using the default resume template of Microsoft Word or other word processors.

There are three main types of resume:

  • Chronological Resume – summarizes credentials in reverse chronological order; usually used to emphasize career growth through the years
  • Functional Resume – summarizes credentials sorted by skill area or job function; usually functions to emphasize amount of experience in a certain field
  • Combination Resume – summarizes credentials by skill area in a reverse chronological order
  • Personally, I prefer the Combination Resume as it balances both approaches. When writing your resume choose the type that would best suit your field, and your experiences. Fresh graduates or entry-level job seekers are better off using a Functional Resume emphasizing their experiences in school such as their organization involvements, social work, and apprenticeships.

    Most resumes these parts:

  • Contact Information – address, contact numbers, email address, web address (if any)
  • Educational Background – schools attended, years attended, degrees obtained
  • Awards Received – awards, award-giving body, date received
  • Work Experience – companies worked for, inclusive years, position, major tasks and achievements
  • Affiliations – organizations, date of participation, position
  • Reference Persons – names and contact information of former professors, associates, employers who are willing to give good commendations of the applicant
  • It is best to limit your resume to a maximum of two pages, plus a cover letter signifying your intention to apply for a position or be part of an organization. Include only significant information and experiences which you think are relevant to the company, organization, or position you are applying for. Some employers and organizations also require an ID photo attached to the resume. Use your graduation photo or any formal ID photo in which you are wearing a formal or business attire.

    With basic formatting functions in word processing software, a job seeker may make his own customized resume that will fit his credentials and purpose. I will be expounding on this more in later posts. Don’t forget to spell check and double check your details.

    Some websites have very useful resume service that you may avail to assist you in having that impressive resume in your job seeking arsenal.


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